Low platelet count

Low platelet count

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  1. Generic:Eltrombopag
    Equivalent Brand:Promacta
    7 Tablet/s
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1A low platelet count, medically known as thrombocytopenia, occurs when the number of platelets in the blood is below the normal range. Platelets are crucial for blood clotting and preventing excessive bleeding. Thrombocytopenia can result from various underlying causes and may present with different symptoms.

Causes of Low Platelet Count:

1. Bone Marrow Disorders:

Diseases affecting the bone marrow, such as leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, or aplastic anemia, can lead to decreased platelet production.

2. Increased Platelet Destruction:

Conditions like immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) can cause the immune system to mistakenly attack and destroy platelets.

3. Medications:

Certain drugs, such as chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics, and anticonvulsants, can suppress platelet production or cause increased platelet destruction.

4. Viral Infections:

Viral infections, including hepatitis C, HIV, or Epstein-Barr virus, can affect platelet production.

5. Autoimmune Disorders:

Autoimmune conditions, like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), may lead to immune-mediated destruction of platelets.

6. Genetic Conditions:

Inherited disorders, such as Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome or May-Hegglin anomaly, can result in low platelet counts.

7. Liver Disease:

Liver cirrhosis or severe liver disease can affect platelet production and function.

Symptoms of Thrombocytopenia:

  • Easy bruising
  • Excessive bleeding, including nosebleeds and gum bleeding
  • Petechiae (small, red or purple spots on the skin)
  • Prolonged bleeding from minor cuts
  • Blood in the urine or stool

Treatment and Management:

1. Address Underlying Cause:

Treatment depends on the underlying cause of thrombocytopenia. Identifying and managing the primary condition is crucial.

2. Medications:

In cases of immune-mediated thrombocytopenia, corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive drugs may be prescribed to modulate the immune response.

3. Platelet Transfusions:

In severe cases with a high risk of bleeding, platelet transfusions may be necessary to raise platelet levels quickly.

4. Splenectomy:

In cases of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) where the spleen plays a role in platelet destruction, surgical removal of the spleen may be considered.

5. Avoidance of Triggering Medications:

If medications are contributing to thrombocytopenia, adjusting or discontinuing the drugs may be necessary.

6. Treatment of Underlying Infections:

Managing viral infections or other infections that contribute to low platelet count is essential.

7. Monitoring and Follow-up:

Regular monitoring of platelet counts and follow-up with a healthcare provider are crucial to assess the effectiveness of treatment and adjust the approach as needed.

Thrombocytopenia requires a thorough evaluation by a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment. Management strategies aim to address the specific factors contributing to the low platelet count and prevent complications associated with bleeding.

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