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    Equivalent Brand: Aralen
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    Equivalent Brand: Falcigo
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    Equivalent Brand: Larinate Kit
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    Equivalent Brand: Malirid
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    Equivalent Brand: Artecan
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Malaria is a potentially life-threatening mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by parasites of the Plasmodium genus. The parasites are transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria remains a significant global health concern, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. Here is an overview of malaria:

1. Causative Agents:

  • Plasmodium Species: The parasites responsible for malaria include Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium malariae, and Plasmodium knowlesi.

2. Transmission:

  • Mosquito Vector: Anopheles mosquitoes act as vectors, transmitting the Plasmodium parasites when they bite humans.
  • Blood Transmission: Malaria is not directly transmitted from person to person but through the exchange of blood when an infected mosquito bites and subsequently infects a new host.

3. Clinical Presentation:

  • Symptoms: Malaria symptoms typically include fever, chills, sweating, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue.
  • Complications: Severe malaria can lead to complications such as anemia, organ failure, and, in extreme cases, death.

4. Diagnostic Methods:

  • Blood Smear: Microscopic examination of blood smears is a common method to identify Plasmodium parasites.
  • Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs): These provide a quick and efficient way to diagnose malaria by detecting specific antigens in the blood.

5. Geographical Distribution:

  • Endemic Regions: Malaria is prevalent in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Central and South America, and Oceania.

6. Preventive Measures:

  • Bed Nets: Insecticide-treated bed nets help protect individuals from mosquito bites, particularly during nighttime when mosquitoes are most active.
  • Antimalarial Medications: Prophylactic drugs are used by travelers to malaria-endemic areas, and specific antimalarial medications are prescribed for treatment.
  • Vector Control: Efforts to control mosquito populations through insecticide spraying and environmental management.

7. Treatment:

  • Antimalarial Drugs: Effective antimalarial medications, such as artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs), are used for the treatment of malaria.
  • Drug Resistance: Resistance to certain antimalarial drugs, particularly in Plasmodium falciparum, is a growing concern.

8. Malaria in Pregnancy:

  • Increased Risk: Pregnant women are at an increased risk of severe malaria and complications.
  • Preventive Measures: Intermittent preventive treatment and the use of bed nets are recommended for pregnant women in malaria-endemic areas.

9. Global Efforts:

  • World Health Organization (WHO): The WHO, along with other organizations, leads global efforts to control and eliminate malaria through interventions such as the distribution of insecticide-treated bed nets, antimalarial treatments, and research on new prevention and treatment strategies.

10. Challenges:

  • Drug Resistance: The emergence of drug-resistant strains poses a significant challenge to malaria control efforts.
  • Health Infrastructure: Inadequate healthcare infrastructure in some endemic regions hinders effective prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.

Malaria is a preventable and treatable disease, but its impact on global health remains substantial. Ongoing efforts to develop effective vaccines, improve vector control, and address socioeconomic factors contributing to malaria transmission are crucial in the fight against this infectious disease.

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