Duovir Tablet (Lamivudine + Zidovudine)

Lamivudine + Zidovudine Tablet, commonly known as Duovir, is a potent antiretroviral combination medication used in the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. It is also sold under the brand name Combivir.

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Duovir Tablet (Lamivudine 150mg + Zidovudine 300mg)

Package QTY Price Add To Cart
60 Tablet/s $44.00
120 Tablet/s $87.00
180 Tablet/s $125.00

Lamivudine + Zidovudine Tablet (Duovir) - A Powerful Antiretroviral Combination

Lamivudine + Zidovudine Tablet, commonly known as Duovir, is a potent antiretroviral combination medication used in the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. HIV is a virus that attacks the body's immune system, weakening it and making it susceptible to various infections and diseases. The primary goal of antiretroviral therapy, such as Duovir, is to control the viral load and maintain the CD4+ T-cell count to improve the patient's quality of life and prolong their life expectancy. It is also sold under the brand name Combivir.

Dosage Information of Lamivudine + Zidovudine Tablet (Duovir)

Duovir tablets usually come in fixed-dose combinations containing Lamivudine 150mg and Zidovudine 300mg. The recommended dosage of Duovir for adults and adolescents above 12 years of age is one tablet twice a day, taken orally, preferably with food. The dosage may vary depending on the patient's individual medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications they may be taking. It is crucial to follow the doctor's prescription and never alter the dosage without proper medical guidance.

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Some of the primary precautionary measures to be taken while using Duovir Tablet (Lamivudine + Zidovudine)

  • Medical History: Before starting Duovir, patients must inform their healthcare provider about their complete medical history, including any existing medical conditions or allergies. This information helps the doctor assess the patient's suitability for the medication and adjust the dosage if necessary.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Pregnant or breastfeeding women should exercise caution when using Duovir (Lamivudine + Zidovudine). It is essential to consult a healthcare professional to assess the potential risks and benefits of the medication during pregnancy and while breastfeeding.
  • Renal Impairment: Individuals with impaired kidney function should be monitored closely while taking Duovir/Combivir. The dosage may need to be adjusted to prevent potential adverse effects on the kidneys.
  • Hepatic Impairment: Patients with liver problems should use Duovir with caution and under medical supervision. Regular liver function tests may be required to monitor the drug's impact on liver health.
  • Bone Marrow Suppression: Duovir can cause bone marrow suppression, leading to a decrease in red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Regular blood tests are necessary to monitor blood cell counts, especially in patients with a history of blood disorders.
  • Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS): In some cases, patients starting Duovir may experience an exaggerated inflammatory response known as IRIS. It is essential to be vigilant for any new or worsening symptoms after starting treatment.
  • Lactic Acidosis: Duovir can rarely lead to lactic acidosis, a serious condition characterized by the buildup of lactic acid in the bloodstream. Patients should be aware of symptoms such as weakness, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain and seek immediate medical attention if they occur.

Diabetes: Duovir may affect blood sugar levels, especially in patients with pre-existing diabetes. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is essential for diabetic patients on this medication.

Some of the specific indications for  Lamivudine + Zidovudine Tablet (Duovir) include

Duovir, a combination of Lamivudine and Zidovudine, is classified as a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) and is widely used for the following purposes:

  • HIV Infection Treatment: Duovir (Lamivudine + Zidovudine) is an essential component of the initial therapy for HIV-infected patients. It helps suppress viral replication, reduce the viral load in the blood, and slow down the progression of the disease.
  • Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission: Pregnant women living with HIV may be prescribed Duovir to reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to their unborn child during pregnancy, labor, or breastfeeding.
  • Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP): In certain high-risk situations, such as accidental exposure to HIV (needle-stick injuries), healthcare workers or individuals at risk of HIV infection may be given Duovir as a preventive measure to reduce the likelihood of acquiring the virus.
  • Combination Therapy: Duovir/Combivir is often used in combination with other antiretroviral drugs to create a more potent and effective treatment regimen for HIV management.
  • HIV-Associated Opportunistic Infections: Duovir, along with other antiretroviral medications, helps restore immune function and decreases the risk of opportunistic infections associated with HIV.
  • Research and Clinical Trials: Lamivudine and Zidovudine, the components of Duovir, are extensively used in clinical research and trials to study new treatment strategies and assess the efficacy of different antiretroviral regimens.

Important Adverse effects of using Duovir Tablet (Lamivudine + Zidovudine) must be noticed

  • Common Side Effects: Some common side effects of Duovir include headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, and dizziness. These side effects are generally mild and tend to improve with continued use.
  • Hypersensitivity Reactions: Some individuals may experience severe allergic reactions to Duovir, characterized by symptoms such as rash, itching, fever, and swelling. If any signs of hypersensitivity occur, immediate medical attention is essential.
  • Pancreatitis: Duovir/Combivir can rarely lead to pancreatitis, causing severe abdominal pain. Patients experiencing persistent abdominal pain should seek prompt medical evaluation.
  • Peripheral Neuropathy: Prolonged use of Duovir (Lamivudine + Zidovudine) may result in peripheral neuropathy, characterized by tingling, numbness, or weakness in the hands and feet.
  • Liver Toxicity: In some cases, Duovir can cause liver damage, leading to symptoms like yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), dark urine, and abdominal pain. Immediate medical attention is necessary if these symptoms occur.
  • Fat Redistribution: Long-term use of Duovir may cause fat redistribution, leading to changes in body fat distribution, such as increased fat in the abdomen and upper back, and decreased fat in the face, arms, and legs.

Answers to Common Inquiries About Duovir (Lamivudine + Zidovudine)


Q: Can Duovir (Lamivudine + Zidovudine) cure HIV completely?

A: No, Duovir is not a cure for HIV. It is an antiretroviral medication that helps control the virus, manage the disease, and improve the patient's quality of life, but it does not eradicate HIV from the body.

Q: Can I take Duovir/Combivir with food?

A: Yes, Duovir is usually taken with food to minimize stomach upset and enhance absorption. However, always follow your doctor's instructions regarding the timing and manner of taking the medication.

Q: Can Duovir prevent HIV transmission during unprotected sex?

A: No, Duovir is not a pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) medication. It is used for HIV treatment, not prevention. For HIV prevention, consider PrEP options available under medical guidance.

Q: What should I do if I miss a dose of Duovir?

A: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it's almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with the regular dosing schedule. Avoid taking a double dose to compensate.

Q: Can I consume alcohol while taking Duovir?

A: It is advisable to avoid alcohol consumption while on Duovir. Alcohol may interact with the medication or worsen certain side effects. Consult your healthcare provider for personalized advice regarding alcohol use during treatment.

Combining different drugs with Duovir Tablet (Lamivudine + Zidovudine)can lead to Adverse Effects 


  • Other Antiretroviral Medications: Duovir is often used in combination with other antiretroviral drugs. However, careful consideration of potential drug interactions is crucial to prevent adverse effects and ensure optimal treatment outcomes.
  • Didanosine: Co-administration of Duovir/Combivir with didanosine increases the risk of didanosine toxicity, particularly in patients with pre-existing liver problems. This combination should be avoided or used with extreme caution under close medical supervision.
  • Ribavirin: Concomitant use of Duovir (Lamivudine + Zidovudine) and ribavirin (used to treat hepatitis C) may lead to an increased risk of anemia. Regular monitoring of hemoglobin levels is necessary when using these drugs together.
  • Other Medications: Patients should inform their healthcare provider about all medications, supplements, or herbal products they are taking to identify potential interactions that could affect the effectiveness of Duovir or other medications.
More Information Demo
Manufacturer : Cipla Pharma, India
Equivalent Brand : Combivir
Generic Search : Lamivudine + Zidovudine