Abamune Tablet (Abacavir)

Abacavir Tablet, commonly known by its brand name Abamune and Ziagen, is an antiretroviral medication used in the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection.

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Abamune 300mg Tablet (Abacavir 300mg)

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30 Tablet/s $68.00
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Abacavir Tablet (Abamune) For HIV Infection

Abacavir Tablet, commonly known by its brand name "Abamune," is an antiretroviral medication used in the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. It belongs to the class of drugs called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), which work by interfering with the viral replication process, thus slowing down the progression of the disease and reducing its impact on the immune system. Ziagen is the brand name for Abacavir Tablet, a widely prescribed antiretroviral medication used for the treatment of HIV infection. As an important component of HIV therapy, Ziagen helps suppress viral replication and strengthens the immune system to manage the disease effectively.

Dosage Information

The dosage of Abacavir Tablet varies depending on the patient's age, weight, medical history, and individual response to the treatment. It is crucial to follow the prescribing doctor's instructions and the dosage guidelines mentioned on the product label. The medication is typically taken orally, with or without food, as directed by the healthcare provider.

For adults and adolescents over 16 years of age:
The usual recommended dose of Abacavir Tablet is 600 mg once daily or 300 mg twice daily. It is often administered in combination with other antiretroviral drugs to maximize its effectiveness and reduce the risk of developing drug resistance.

For pediatric patients:
The dosage for children between the ages of 3 months to 16 years is determined based on their body weight. The doctor will prescribe the appropriate dosage to ensure safe and effective treatment.

It is crucial to take Abacavir Tablet regularly and not miss any doses to maintain stable drug levels in the body and achieve the best possible outcomes.

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Some of the important Safety Advice to be taken while using Abamune Tablet (Abacavir)

  • Life-Saving Drug: Abacavir Tablet (Abamune) is a life-saving medication used in the treatment of HIV infection. It is essential to take this drug as prescribed by a qualified healthcare professional to achieve the best possible outcomes. Never discontinue the medication without consulting your doctor, as stopping treatment abruptly can lead to a resurgence of the virus and drug resistance.
  • Hypersensitivity Reaction: Before starting Abacavir Tablet/Ziagen, inform your healthcare provider about any history of hypersensitivity or allergic reactions to Abacavir or other components of the medication. Hypersensitivity reactions to abacavir can be severe and life-threatening. A hypersensitivity test (HLA-B*5701) is recommended before initiating therapy with abacavir to identify individuals at increased risk of this reaction.
  • Lactic Acidosis: Abacavir Tablet may contribute to the development of lactic acidosis, a rare but potentially serious condition characterized by the buildup of lactic acid in the bloodstream. Inform your doctor immediately if you experience symptoms such as weakness, unusual muscle pain, difficulty breathing, stomach pain with nausea and vomiting, or cold and blue extremities.
  • Liver and Kidney Function: Regular monitoring of liver and kidney function is crucial during Abacavir Tablet treatment. Patients with pre-existing liver or kidney conditions may require dose adjustments or careful monitoring to prevent potential complications.
  • Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS): In some cases, patients may experience an inflammatory response to previously undiagnosed infections shortly after starting antiretroviral therapy, including Abacavir Tablet. Notify your doctor if you develop new or worsening symptoms after initiating treatment.
  • Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, discuss the risks and benefits of using Abacavir Tablet with your healthcare provider. The medication may be used during pregnancy if the potential benefits outweigh the risks. It is essential for pregnant women living with HIV to continue their treatment to prevent transmission to the baby. However, always follow your doctor's recommendations. Abacavir can pass into breast milk, so breastfeeding mothers should consult their healthcare provider about the best course of action.

Key Functions Must Be Noticed of Abacavir Tablet (Abamune)

HIV Treatment: Abacavir Tablet is a key component of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens for HIV-infected individuals. When used as part of combination therapy, it helps suppress the viral load, slow down disease progression, and enhance the immune system's ability to fight off infections.

Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT): Pregnant women living with HIV are often prescribed Abacavir Tablet/Ziagen to reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to their unborn children. By following appropriate PMTCT protocols, the likelihood of vertical transmission can be significantly reduced.

Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP): In situations where there is a high risk of HIV exposure (e.g., needlestick injuries, sexual assault), Abacavir Tablet may be used as part of a PEP regimen to prevent HIV infection. Prompt administration of PEP is critical to its effectiveness.

Occupational Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP): Healthcare workers or individuals with occupational exposure to HIV may be prescribed Abacavir Tablet as part of a PrEP regimen. This prophylactic approach can reduce the chances of contracting HIV if exposure occurs.

HIV/AIDS Research: Abacavir Tablet is also used in clinical trials and research studies to evaluate its efficacy and safety in various HIV-related contexts, contributing to advancements in the field of HIV treatment and management. 

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Important Adverse effects of using Abacavir Tablet (Abamune) must be noticed 

  • Hypersensitivity Reaction: One of the most critical side effects of Abacavir Tablet is a hypersensitivity reaction, which may manifest as fever, rash, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory symptoms, or severe fatigue. If you experience any of these symptoms, stop the medication immediately, and seek medical attention urgently, as this reaction can be life-threatening.
  • Lactic Acidosis: Although rare, lactic acidosis is a severe side effect that requires immediate medical attention. Symptoms include weakness, muscle pain, difficulty breathing, abdominal discomfort, and dizziness.
  • Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS): During the initial phase of HIV treatment, patients may experience an inflammatory response to underlying infections. Symptoms may include fever, swollen lymph nodes, and worsening of existing infections.
  • Gastrointestinal Issues: Common side effects of Abacavir Tablet may include nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal discomfort. These symptoms are usually mild and tend to improve over time.
  • Headache and Fatigue: Some individuals may experience headaches and fatigue during the course of treatment, but these symptoms often resolve on their own.
  • Skin Reactions: Skin rash and hypersensitivity reactions, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis, have been reported with the use of Abacavir Tablet. Seek immediate medical attention if you notice any skin changes or reactions.
  • Liver and Kidney Dysfunction: Abacavir Tablet may affect liver and kidney function. It is essential to monitor these organ systems regularly during treatment.

Frequently Asked Queries About Abamune Tablet (Abacavir)

FAQ 1: Can I stop taking Abacavir Tablet if I feel better?

Answer: No, you should never stop taking Abacavir Tablet (Abamune) without consulting your doctor. Discontinuing the medication prematurely can lead to the resurgence of the HIV virus and may result in drug resistance. It is crucial to adhere to the prescribed treatment regimen and continue taking the medication as directed to maintain viral suppression and preserve the effectiveness of the drug.

FAQ 2: Is Abacavir Tablet/Ziagen safe to use during pregnancy?

Answer: Abacavir tablets may be used during pregnancy if the benefits outweigh the risks. Pregnant women living with HIV must continue treatment to prevent transmission to their babies. However, it is essential to consult with a healthcare provider before starting or adjusting any medications during pregnancy to ensure the best possible outcomes for both the mother and the baby.

FAQ 3: Can I consume alcohol while taking Abacavir Tablet?

Answer: It is advisable to limit alcohol consumption while on Abacavir Tablet. Alcohol can potentially worsen liver function and may increase the risk of adverse effects. If you consume alcohol, it is essential to do so in moderation and inform your healthcare provider about your alcohol consumption habits to monitor your liver health effectively.

FAQ 4: Can Abacavir Tablet interact with over-the-counter medications?

Answer: Yes, Abacavir Tablet can interact with certain over-the-counter medications. It is crucial to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are taking, including over-the-counter drugs and herbal supplements. This helps to avoid potential drug interactions and ensures the safe and effective use of Abacavir Tablet as part of your HIV treatment regimen.

FAQ 5: What should I do if I miss a dose of Abacavir Tablet?

Answer: If you forget to take a dose of Abacavir Tablet, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to make up for the missed one. Consistent adherence to the prescribed dosing regimen is crucial to maintaining stable drug levels in the body and maximizing the effectiveness of the medication in managing HIV. If you are unsure about what to do, consult your healthcare provider.

Important Drug Interconnections with Abamune Tablet (Abacavir) must be noticed 

  • Other Antiretroviral Medications: Abacavir Tablet is often used in combination with other antiretroviral drugs as part of an HIV treatment regimen. Inform your doctor about all the medications you are taking, including prescription and over-the-counter drugs, as well as herbal supplements, to avoid potential drug interactions.
  • Alcohol and Hepatotoxic Drugs: Alcohol and hepatotoxic drugs can potentially worsen liver function and increase the risk of adverse effects when used with Abacavir Tablet. Limit alcohol consumption and inform your doctor about any hepatotoxic drugs you are taking.
  • Methadone: Co-administration of Abacavir Tablet/Ziagen and methadone may lead to increased methadone levels in the blood. Your healthcare provider may need to adjust the methadone dosage accordingly.
  • Sulfonamides: Abacavir Tablet may increase the risk of hypersensitivity reactions when used with drugs containing sulfonamides, such as certain antibiotics. Inform your doctor about any sulfonamide medications you are taking.
  • Ribavirin: Co-administration of Abacavir Tablet and ribavirin (used to treat hepatitis C) may increase the risk of anemia. Close monitoring of blood counts is necessary if these drugs are used together.
  • Antacids: Taking Abacavir Tablet with antacids may reduce the absorption of the medication. If antacids are needed, they should be taken at least two hours before or after Abacavir Tablet.
  • Immunosuppressive Drugs: Concomitant use of Abacavir Tablet with immunosuppressive drugs may affect the effectiveness of HIV treatment and increase the risk of opportunistic infections. Inform your doctor if you are taking any immunosuppressive medications.
More Information Demo
Manufacturer : Cipla Ltd
Equivalent Brand : Ziagen
Generic Search : Abacavir